History: How Oba Ovonramwen Nogbaisi Of Benin Was Exiled To Calabar

In Breaking News, Columnists, National News, Opinion, Reports

By CrossRiverWatch Admin

This photograph shows Oba Ovonramwen (ruled 1888–1897), with guards on board the Niger Coast Protectorate yacht, SY Ivy, on his way into exile in Calabar in 1897. The once belonged to Tom Singleton Gardner, an agent for the British trading company, The Africa Association Ltd, who lived in Calabar, from around 1890 to 1917.
This photograph shows Oba Ovonramwen (ruled 1888–1897), with guards on board the Niger Coast Protectorate yacht, SY Ivy, on his way into exile in Calabar in 1897.
The once belonged to Tom Singleton Gardner, an agent for the British trading company, The Africa Association Ltd, who lived in Calabar, from around 1890 to 1917.

At the end of the 19th century, the Kingdom of Benin had managed to retain its independence and the Oba exercised a monopoly over trade which the British found irksome.

The territory was coveted by an influential group of investors for its rich natural resources such as palm-oil, rubber and ivory.

The kingdom was largely independent of British control, and pressure continued from figures such as Vice-Consul James Robert Phillips and Captain Gallwey (the British vice-Consul of Oil Rivers Protectorate) who were pushing for British annexation of the Benin Empire and the removal of the Oba.

A British invasion force headed by Phillips set out to overthrow the Oba in 1896. The force’s weapons were hidden in baggage, with troops disguised as bearers.

Phillips plan was to gain access to Ovonramwen’s palace by announcing that he intended to negotiate.

Ovonramwen’s messengers issued several warnings not to violate Benin territorial sovereignty, claiming he was unable to see Phillips due to ceremonial duties.

Having been warned on several further occasions on the way, Phillips sent his stick to the Oba, a deliberate insult designed to provoke the conflict that would provide an excuse for British annexation.

Phillip’s expedition was ambushed and all but two were killed. Subsequently a military operation against Benin in 1897 led by Harry Rawson resulted in the burning of Benin City and the deaths of untold numbers of its inhabitants.

Although the British had orders to hang the Oba, Ovonramwen escaped, but later surrendered.

Ovonramwen was exiled to Calabar with his two wives, and died there in 1914.

culled from wikipedia

New Feature: Don't miss any of our news again.Get all our articles in your facebook chat box.Click the Facebook Messenger Icon below to subscribe now

Text Advert by CRWatch :Place Yours

Will You To Learn How To Make Millions Of Naira Making Special Creams From Your Kitchen?.Click Here

My Friend Peter Almost Lost His Wife Because His Sexual Problem.Click Here To See What Saved Him


Expose Your Business And Make More Sales. Advertise On CrossRiverWatch.com Today

You may also read!

Ifere Paul: APC, Rights Lawyer Kick As Police Confirm Arrest

By Jonathan Ugbal The arrest of Mr. Paul Ifere, a social media critic of the Cross River State Government

Read More...

Cross River Geographic Information Agency Staff Owed 11 Months Salary

By Ushang Ewa Staff of the Cross River Geographic Information Agency, CRGIA are currently been owed between 9 and

Read More...

Refuse Packing With Bare Hands: Ayade Orders Investigation Of Green Sheriff Official

By Jonathan Ugbal The Cross River Government has announced that it will commence investigation into the alleged ordering of

Read More...

Leave a reply:

Your email address will not be published.

Mobile Sliding Menu

Share this now